Friday, August 16, 2019

Bingo History - The Origins Of Bingo Games

The origins of bingo, as with most games, is shrouded in the mists of history. However, we can trace the idea back to the 1500's where the Italians invented a lottery game to be played 'en masse' rather like Bingo is today. "Lo Giuoco del Lotto d'Italia" was the very first state run lottery which proved to be so popular it is still played today.

Perhaps closer to the game we know today however is the French game of "Le Lotto" which was derived from the Italian counterpart. This game was very popular with French noblemen during the 18th century. This game involved a caller drawing out wooden discs number from one to ninety from a bag and calling them out the the players. Each player had a game board divided into nine rows and three columns of numbers and the winner would be the person to mark off all the numbers in one row.

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Later cersions of the Le Lotto appeared in Germany but this time, it was used not for gambling purposes but rather to teach children their times tables. Today, more of the same can be found on the children's games market including such things as spelling bingo with, of course, all of the gambling elements removed.

However, the first example of bingo in its modern form appeared during the late 1920's when a New York toy salesman stumbled upon an addictive fairground game and had a brainwave. Edwin S. Lowe came across the game of "Beano" at a carnival in Georgia. The players at this game had wooden cards full of numbers and a set of dried beans. Every time the caller drew out a number they would cover it up with a bean, the winner being the one to mark off all the numbers in a straight line either diagonally, horizontally or vertically. So popular was this game than Lowe never actually got a chance to play but the idea of marketing this to the mass market was formed right there and then.

Hurrying back to New York he quickly made his own replica of the carnival game and invited friends over to play at a specially organised party. It was just a popular there in his appartment to the point where one member got so excited that she stumbled over the call of "Beano!" to signify she had won and shouted out "BINGO!" instead. The name stuck and when Lowe produced the first commercial version of the game retailing for just $1 that's the name it was marketed with.

Bingo of course never stayed as a parlour game but soon made it's way into being a large multiplayer social gambling event we see today. How it got that way is, unlikely as it sounds, due in large part to the efforts of a Pensylvanian priest! The priest needed to find a fundraising event for his church and saw the game of bingo as being the ideal way to do it. He set up large-scale bingo game events with hundreds of players instead of the handful the original game had been designed for and the idea really took off.

Unfortunately, each game now had tens of winners instead of a few so he commissioned a mathematician to create cards with 6000 unique number combinations, a task which took several months by hand as there were no computers to help back then. Once finished however the game of bingo really took off in it's modern form to the point where in 1934, just a few years after bingo first hit the mass market, there was over 10,000 games being played per week across America. Now of course, bingo is a multi-million dollar industry across the world and can be played online 24 hours a day if it takes your fancy.

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About the Author Mark Falco is the webmaster and owner of A Penny Earned, a UK shopping site and rewards site which lists Free Bingo, Online Games and Free Lotteries amongst other free and fun stuff online.

Sunday, August 11, 2019

Wine Trivia Facts

There are several myths that make good wine trivia. These myths and truths are a great way to quiz your wine loving friends and give them and yourself and education at the same time. Here are the top ten wine myths revealed.

1. Aged Wine is Better than Young Wine
Not all wines require aging. In fact, many wines are intended to be drunk young and they do not require aging. Typically, red wines that have high tannins are the only wines that require aging. There are also some white wines that will benefit from aging, such as Rieslings, but in general they are intended to be drunk young as well. There are also those wines that taste worse after being aged and those that will not change much at all.

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2. Red Wine Should Never Be Chilled
There are some light reds such as the Beaujolais that will benefit from being chilled. Beaujolais Nouveau is the first wine that is made from each year's harvest. The wine was originally made for the workers of the winery, but the wine quickly spread in popularity to local bistros. There are several festivals that are held around the world that celebrate the wine's release.

3. "Reserve" Wines Are Top of the Line
On American labels, "reserve" has no true meaning and is used at the discretion of the winemaker. The term is often used to designate a special wine, although the reputation of the vineyard will often have an effect on the quality and price of the wine.

4. Wines With Sulfates Will Give You a Headache
Sulfates only cause headaches in about one percent of the population and this tends to be those who suffer from asthma. Sulfates are naturally present in wine and sulfur is abundant in various forms in all living things. Sulfites are used as a preservative by winemakers worldwide and only the United States notes the sulfite warning on the label. The amounts of added sulfites are small and all whites will have more than reds. There are several other reasons that you may be having a headache. These causes may be:
~Histamines: Histamines cause the blood vessels in your brain to dilate and are higher in red wines than whites. They are found in aged and fermented foods.
~Tyramines: Found in cultured foods such as cheese and yogurt as well as ferment foods such as wine, dark beer, soy sauce, chocolate and a few other foods. Tyramines cause your blood vessels to constrict.
~Congeners: These are organic compounds that are found in the by-products of the fermentation process and give wine its flavor. When they enter your blood stream, the immune system recognizes them as poisons and releases cytokines to eliminate them. These are more prevalent in red wines.
~Prostaglandins: These are naturally occurring in your body and are pain producers. The dilation of the arteries triggers their release. They may also be responsible for migraine headaches.
~Sensitivities to Elements in Wine Production: Some people are sensitive to certain types of wood while other are sensitive to the chemicals that are used in a particular area.

5. All German Wines Are Sweet
There are a variety of German wines and they range from dry to very sweet like wines that are produced in various other countries. If you see "trocken" on a German wine label it means "dry."

6. Screw tops Are a Sign of Cheap Wine
More and more wineries are using screw tops so that they may avoid cork contamination of their wines. Don't be surprised if you find a high dollar bottle with a screw top.

7. Wines Should Always Breathe
Allowing a wine to breathe is generally only necessary for those wines that need further aging. Breathing also allows the wine to be exposed to air and to soften the tannins.

8. All Wines Have the Same Amount of Alcohol
The level of alcohol in a wine depends on the amount of sugar that has been converted during fermentation. There are also wines that have been fortified with alcohol to raise the alcohol content.

9. The More a Wine Costs, the Better It Is
The price of a wine depends on numerous factors. The land of the vineyard, the price of the packaging, the types of grapes that are used, how the wine is aged and the reputation of the winery or winemaker all have an effect on the price of a bottle of wine. You may find a fairly expensive bottle of wine and think that it will be good when in fact you wish you hadn't spent so much on it.

10. Zinfandel is a Pink Wine
Zinfandel is actually a red grape, but the name has become very popular due to the blush wine, the White Zinfandel. There are several good red Zinfandels.

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About the Author: David Beart is the owner of This site covers a wide selection of topics including relationships, family, cooking and other household issues.
Source: by David Beart

Wednesday, August 7, 2019

Keep Your Brain Healthy With Brain Teaser Games and Fun Puzzles

The human brain is like a muscle and if you exercise it, it remains fit. Otherwise it may degenerate just like a muscle does if it is not used. Therefore, in order to activate the brain, brain teaser games can be fun and at the same time, give the much required activity.

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Brain teaser games, puzzles, online games, optical illusions and jigsaws all come under the category of activities that tickle your brain. These activities increase attention spans, find out what can distract prolonged attention, how to increase memory, give more attention to detail, testing the limit of the peripheral vision, visual perception, and deciphering things accurately even though they are less obvious than they appear. Some brain teaser games target the logic of mathematics. Is the figure in the diagram a circle or is it elliptical? Or can you tell which rod is longer? All brain teasers and match puzzles are interactive and scoring is visible immediately. These games use dynamic content to provide continuous learning and entertainment.

Besides these, there are critical thinking games as brain teasers. How do words influence what we see or do not see? What about hieroglyphics or making words through pictures that was used by early Egyptians to depict life around the Pharaohs? This also involves thinking about word and picture associations and finally arriving at the desired outcome…. a single word. Thus brain teaser games can improve memory and attention and boost mental power and performance.

Fun puzzle games are a wonderful way to be rid of boredom and exercise the brain at the same time. They help in increasing concentration and focus, especially if you indulge in them regularly. Su-doku is one such game that can be played everyday besides making the maximum number of four letter words from a given set of seven letters. Jigsaw puzzles are many cardboard bits of a colored picture. Putting each bit in its rightful place will make the picture. This helps in increasing reasoning ability and focus. When it is being played, hours can be spent fruitfully as a child or adult tries to put the puzzle together.

Other fun puzzle games can be in the form of riddles that is thrown at the audience and the sharpest brain will answer quickly. Crossword puzzles and anagrams belong to this category and are mainly played by adults. Spot the difference in a set of two pictures can be played by anyone and here attention to detail is developed.

Therefore, to sharpen your brain and keep it fit, indulge in some brain teaser games or fun puzzles.
Author has 3 years experience in Internet Marketing. More exciting games fun games for kids and brain teaser puzzles.

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Article Source: by Tapas

Sunday, August 4, 2019

Improving Spelling With Games

You got it! You can do just about any type of learning for a child or an individual learning a second language through the use of various computer games. You are sure to find something that will fit with their needs. You are also able to find a game that will keep them interested. Let's take spelling as an example.

Many kids struggle each and every year at school with that dreaded Friday spelling test. It doesn't get any easier because chances are good that the words just keep getting harder. For many parents, spelling is often a challenge to teach as well. The English language is nothing simple. But, what if you could teach them through the use of a PC game? That would be excellent, wouldn't it?

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Think about this. The next time your child comes home with that awful list of twenty words they just have to know, you can easily say to them, "Why not go play a game on the computer." Yes, you can do this!

There are a number of games that are just perfect for teaching children the art of spelling. For example, you might want to try a word puzzle game like Beesly's Buzzwords. Or, if Spiderman happens to be your child's favorite character, you have games like Spider-Man 2: Web of Words. In this game, you child can advance through the levels by correctly spelling words. Its fun, rewarding, and most of all, it will help to improve their spelling capabilities.

The spelling games are not boring, dull, and difficult. To the opposite, these games will hold your child's attention so that they can get the knowledge they need. That is what makes these games different. If you are thinking back to your school days and those boring computer programs you were allowed to play and wondering how your technology loving child is going to play with something like that, don't worry. These games are much different. They are made to stimulate your child's knowledge without even allowing them to realize that they are. To them, they are simply playing a Spider Man game.

The value of these games is huge. In fact, there are more than just spelling games, as we will see down the line. They are great ways to feed your child the knowledge that they need without boring them. When it is fun, it will get played more often. The more that it gets played, the more they can learn from it.

So, then, what is the bottom line? You can easily allow your child to play some computer games but of course, you still need to monitor their usage. And, yes, you may have to practice those specific spelling words each week, but it may just get easier as time goes on. Here's a thought. Replace their favorite computer game with one of these for a week. They still get computer time and they still get to play a fun game. But, you get the satisfaction of knowing that they are playing an educational game as well. All in all, we think these games may be a great way to boost confidence and knowledge. Consider them for any age of child. You'll be happy that you did.

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About the Author: Steve is a member of the GrandMatrix team. They provide a broad range of games, puzzles, articles and reviews. Read more articles, download and play the latest PC games for free plus enjoy thousands of user submitted puzzles, quizzes and word games at:

Source: by Steve Hall

Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Is Chess A Sport? Should I Buy A Chess Set?

The first few games weren't too painful, I lose at a lot of things to my son these days. Then it got a tad uncomfortable, some games were ending in 10 minutes. Is this a real sport? Can I throw something?

Things got better after a while and I started to really enjoy the challenge of thinking 5 moves ahead. I decided to get a few books on chess and a new chessboard to really go after my new game.

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Unfortunately the first line on a website's sales page for chess sets was "There are almost as many different types and styles of chess sets as there are chess players". Crud. Don't they all have the some kind of board and the same number of men? Turns out they do, but you are faced with a huge assortment of choices. It may be hard to decide upon a particular set, but it's relatively easy to narrow your choices down to a particular category. Here's a look at the major categories that seem to be available everywhere:

Theme Chess Sets
These types of chess sets depict characters, movies and events. There are theme chess sets for most major sports teams with pieces and pawns that resemble positions like quarterback and cheerleaders.

There are entire categories of cartoon character chess sets that are perfect for attracting younger people to the game. You can even get Civil War or WW II sets as well as Roman Gladiator and even old West models.

You'll pay anywhere from $20 to over $2,000 for theme sets depending upon the theme and the materials used to make the set. Some sets are made with silver, gold and precious stones. Choose platinum if you have plenty of money. by Chuck Cayo

Sunday, July 28, 2019

Solitaire - The Game That Tests Your Patience

Solitaire is one of the most popular card games that has endured time and enthralled generations due to its unique appeal. The solitaire game is very simple yet extremely addictive in nature. All one needs is a pack of 52 playing cards and you are set to be drawn into the world solitaire.

Online solitaire games are available freely over the Internet and mostly available as a free gift with the popular operating system of the day. Free solitaire games are easy to play as the basic idea is to arrange pre-set decks of cards in the ascending/descending order till every card has been accounted for. You juxtapose cards, manipulate within the given format and swap places of cards with the intent of arranging every single card as soon as possible.

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There are many theories regarding the invention of the solitaire. The most popular theory is that the game was devised by prisoners who were confined in solitary cells. No one can vouch for such a story though.

The free online solitaire games have come into existence with the rapid strides made by technology and the Internet. With time the original game has metamorphosed onto a host of other interesting avatars that have caught the fancy of the online gamers. Connoisseurs of the game however admit that the simplicity of the original form is unmatched as it offers the best teasers and challenges to the human brain. The supporters of the modern variants of the solitaire however are of the opinion that the modern variants offer greater variety, stiffer challenges and novelty of experience that give relief from the perceived boredom of the original format.

Keeping the basic idea of arrangement of the cards in sequences, the card game has evolved over time. The online sector has been a pioneer in this field as they have been working relentlessly to outdo each other and offer the online gaming enthusiast with a better option.

Solitair Game Products
Some of the well-known variants of the humble solitaire are FreeCell Solitaire, Pirate Solitaire and the Sultan Solitaire. The goal of FreeCell Solitaire is to arrange cards in ascending order in the stacks presented. Stacks with alternate colour may be formed as an intermediate step at the bottom half of the screen. The layout comprises of Building Stacks, Free Cells and Suit Stacks.

The Pirate Solitaire on the other hand stipulates that you build four piles on the top right portion of the computer screen starting from Ace and ending with the King. The playing field of the Pirate Solitaire stipulates that the stacks are built in the descending order using the same suit of cards. One is allowed to play any card in any empty space.

The Sultan Solitaire is a popular variant of solitaire, where, to start off, the reserve pile of cards comprise of those cards that are dealt into them. In Pro Sultan Solitaire and the Quick Sultan Solitaire, these stacks are left empty. Sultan solitaire involves two decks and the foundation of the game is based on the eight kings and the Ace of hearts.

There are thousands of free online Solitaire games that don't require any download or registration. They are all 100% free. For more information visit the given link. Play Here

Play Here

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Thursday, July 25, 2019

Astrology and your Future

 Do you think that astrology can predict your future? What if yes, yes, astrology can help you know your future but not in the manner that it can help you win lotteries or help you in derby race course nor it going to tell you when your latest crush will be proposing you. It won’t help you to jump various stages of relationship.

However, you just can’t ignore astrology; it can help you to know that what type of relationship you will attract and how other people will affect your life.

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Astrology can somehow help you in some important and interesting ways; it can tell you the present situation of your life and what you can expect in near future in your life.That’s why people say that astrology can tell your future. But the real worth of astrology is that that it can change your thought process completely, it can make you think from different perspectives, it can teach you a new way of your life, it can teach you possibilities, it can teach you how to think differently about other people, about problems. In one or the other way it can help you increase your productivity with giving you an idea about the future events and help you plan accordingly.

As far as astrology is concerned ignorance plays an important part in that. You have two ways to go when you have a slightest idea about the future events. You can ignore such knowledge and move forward as you are going or you can plan accordingly by keeping the information at hand in front of you. But remember that there is a difference in ignorance and stupidity. So the information available to you can help you change your life forever if used wisely.

So you have the option of knowing, once you know something it is up to you that you can use it or ignore it. It is common tendency of mankind that we use such information promptly when things are not going on well for us. We tend to believe on everything whatever is being told to us when life is having some tough time and some unpleasant events occur. But you can think for yourself that does it make sense to drive your car blindfolded when you know the traffic. Some people chose to be ignorant in case of astrology while others like to be prepared. Both are the ways, its up to you which way you would like to on.

So whether you use it or not, the information is there is for you. You can cinch the life jacket in advance or you can wait for the sound of falling water. You even have the choice whether you want to know or not. It can have an impact on your life and your future, it can effect your experience and give you an all together new way of thinking.

So astrology can be an real asset, as a predictor that what the life and future in front of you have in store for you, you can learn some things from these and can plan in advance how you will be dealing with them.

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Chandrradevi is an award winning Astrologer par excellence. Her Trustworthy Numerologist website shivashakkti offers accurate Astrological predictions at reasonable prices.
Article Source: by Chandradevii

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Pacman - The Greatest Classic Games Of All Time

In this day and age, computer games are becoming more and more complex, requiring more and more powerful computers to play them on. With the increasing emphasis on graphics, games are starting to lose their sense of innovation, with many games simply reusing tried and tested formulas in order to sell as many copies as possible.

Previously, however, before computers became so ubiquitous, games developers faced the challenge of computers that had very limited computing power. Having to deal with such a lack of computing power forced games designers to be extremely creative and innovative, developing new forms of gaming instead of new types of graphics experiences. And this was how the smash hit Pacman came about.

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At the time when Pacman was developed, games designers faced the challenge of competing with such popular games as Tetris and Space  Invaders. These incredibly popular games had one thing in common - they had extremely low hardware requirements. Tetris was a game that involved downward-falling bricks that players had to position properly in order to clear the screen and score. Space Invaders was a shoot-em-up game involving the player's single spacecraft against a veritable armada of numerous but somewhat stupid enemy craft. And Pacman was a simple maze runner with enemy ghosts and power-ups thrown in the mix.

Soon after its release, Pacman became one of the most popular games in the history of computer gaming, and it began appearing everywhere. Pacman machines appeared in arcades, handheld Pacman gaming machines were selling out in stores, and, of course, hundreds of thousands of people were playing Pacman on their computers.

Now You Can Experience The Fun As Well 
Play Our Free Pacman Game
In this age of modern games, many of us have forgotten how much fun it is to play a simple yet engaging game like Pacman. With websites that allow you to download Pacman, now you can experience it for yourself! In order to download Pacman, you simply need to log on to the internet and do a quick search using one of the reliable search engines. You should find websites where you can download Pacman in no time.

Some people might be reluctant to download Pacman because they are skeptical about just how fun it could possibly be to guide what looks like a big yellow 'C' around a screen eating dots and avoiding ghosts that float after you. The truth of the matter, however, is that millions of people around the world were once hooked on this game. That many people simply cannot all be wrong about how fun the game is to play. Once you download Pacman onto your own computer, you will soon see the joy there is to be had in playing this simple but addictive game.

Furthermore, it will not cost you anything to download Pacman. With the game being as old as it is, the exclusive rights that the company that designed the game once had are no longer in force, and people are thus allowed to download Pacman at no charge.

So before you head out to the store to purchase the latest game from your local electronics store and set yourself back by at least thirty to forty dollars, you should definitely head to the nearest download site, download Pacman, and give it a try before you go out and spend money. We guarantee that you will not regret taking the time to download Pacman and give this classic game a try.
If you are looking for a reliable website from which you can download Pacman , then look no further than the Download Windows 7, where you will be able to download Pacman and a host of other games that are all compatible with the Windows 7 operating system.

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Article Source: | by Angelo Everton

Friday, July 19, 2019

The History Of The Wedding Ring

The use of the wedding ring as a symbol of the bond between husband and wife is familiar to us as the concept of marriage itself, but from where did this interesting tradition emerge? The history of wedding rings as they are known today is actually unclear. In an article dating from the July 1869 issue of Appleton's Journal of popular Literature, Science, and Art, Edward J. Wood hypothesizes that the modern (modern as of 1869) use of wedding rings stems from the practices of ancient Hebrews. It was customary for the family of a prospective groom to give gifts to the potential bride and her family. The general assumption is that it is from this tradition that the use of wedding rings as we know them seems to have evolved.

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Wedding rings are not specifically mentioned in the Bible, but references do exist that suggest the aforementioned Hebrew practices. Genesis 24:53 in the King James Version reads, "And the servant brought forth jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment, and gave them to Rebekah: he gave also to her brother and to her mother precious things," speaking of the servant of Abraham, the father of Isaac, who was to wed Rebekah. The wedding ring first came into use in Christian wedding ceremonies around 870 A.D.

The tradition of wearing a wedding ring on the fourth finger of the left hand also comes from the ancients. In ancient Greece it was believed that an artery from that particular finger led directly to the heart. While we now know this is pure mythology, it does serve as a rather romantic explanation for the tradition.

Although the concept of the wedding ring is obviously very old, the ring was almost always worn by the bride. Double-ring wedding ceremonies are rather new. Wedding rings for men were almost unheard of before 1940 and increased in use about the time of the Second World War. According to an October 1953 story in Hobbies, only about 15% of wedding ceremonies included a ring for the groom. After the start of World War II, the percentage jumped to 60%, and then to 70% after the start of the Korean war. Today it is more common than not for grooms and brides alike to wear a wedding ring.

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Article by Kirsten Hawkins

Monday, July 15, 2019

The History Of Crossword Puzzles

The first book of crosswords was published in 1924. It became a
best-seller and crosswords replaced mahjongg as the most popular
American game. Crossword puzzle design and solving is an
excellent way to sharpen focus. Regardless of whether design and
or solve numerous crossword puzzles, you will learn one more way
to enhance memory and creative expression. Some even say that
crossword puzzles help keep Alzheimer's at bay.

Nearly all word games improve spelling, the appeal of
word-games is very easy to understand. Crossword puzzles
encourage logical thinking and correct spelling. Some of
crossword clues are straightforward and only require a wide
vocabulary. However some contain devious clues, where there is
always a logical link between the clue and the solution.

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Some of crossword clues are straightforward and only need a
wide vocabulary. While other clues induce a probability
distribution over viable targets, which must somehow be
respected along with the constraints of the puzzle. However
devious the clue, there is always, in a well-set crossword
puzzle a logical link between the clue and the solution. At
best, clues induce a probability distribution over viable
targets, which must somehow be respected along with the
constraints of the puzzle. Some have begun using computers to
solve crosswords, while others solve crosswords using the
familiar and time-honored tradition of putting pen to paper.

Crosswords encourage people to use dictionaries, both
specialized crossword dictionaries as well as collegiate and
unabridged dictionary volumes. Some believe that the pen and
pencil mode indicate a degree of confidence in solutions and
problem solving. Crossword puzzlers should always remember, that
just because you wrote something down, doesn't make it right.
All in all, crosswords are very inexpensive, intellectually
stimulating, calls for no partner and, most importantly, helps
one forget the stresses and tensions of modern living.

Intellectual stimulation is sought by the very intelligent and
crosswords offer a release from mental tension. Creative
crosswords afford little of that intellectual excitement that a
more complicated crossword does. Crossword puzzles are very
popular in many countries.

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About the Author: Francesca Black works in marketing at the
Puzzle Place ( and Chess Strategies
( leading puzzle and strategy

Friday, July 12, 2019

Culinary Trivia Facts

Are you looking for some of the interesting facts about food or culinary? If your answer is yes, then here are some of the most amusing facts you must know. Share these facts and impress your friends.

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Ice Cream:
Ice cream is a Chinese food item. Marco Polo the famous explorer when returned to Italy, from China in the year 1295, he actually brought a well known recipe called "Milk Ice" among many other things. However, later Europeans substituted cream for the milk, and voila. Since then, ice cream has been a major hit.
Generally, the United States actually consumes on an average 48 pints of ice cream per person, per year. This is usually more than any other country in the world.
On an average, it takes 50 licks to polish off a single-scoop ice cream cone.

The word pizza was originally spelt as "pitsa".
Most pizza is ordered during the weather forecast or TV programs. Adding to this, the delivery folks also report that women, perhaps not surprisingly, are better tippers!
Generally, Americans consume or eat almost 350 slices of pizza each second.

The color of a chili is no indication of its spiciness, but what matters is its size. Generally, it is important to note that the smaller the chilie pepper, the hotter it is.
Near about 140 varieties of chilies peppers are alone grown in Mexico alone.
Chilies play a very important role in making foods safer. They help in reducing the harmful bacteria on foods.

The potato is one of the most important non-cereal crops in the world, and considered as the fourth most important crop overall.
Irish were the first to eat potato. They were first introduced to Britain and Ireland in the late 1500s. It didn't get popular immediately; many people actually held potato responsible for diseases as it was not talked about in the Bible.
Crisps made of potato were first invented by a North American Indian named as George Crum
In the United States, if we compare the price between a pound of potato chips and potato, generally prices of potato chips is almost two hundred times extra than potatoes.

The flavor that is commonly associated with bubble gum all across the world is a mixture of wintergreen, vanilla and cassia, a form of cinnamon.
Cheddar is the most consumed and widely purchased cheese in the world.
Research shows that dark chocolate very similar to the red wine actually contains considerable amounts of flavonoid phenolics which in turn may be very helpful in lowering the risk of heart disease.

Today these foods are so common that it is really hard to imagine life without it. However, when these interesting facts were first brought into notice, it was considered as a myth, but slowly it turns out to be real. This list is just to give you an idea about some of the most important trivia that is related to about food and culinary items.

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|||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| provides the opportunity to research and request free information culinary arts schools and culinary colleges for potential students looking to start or expand their career in culinary arts.

Article Source: U Publish Articles By: Tis Amar

Monday, July 8, 2019

Old Time Candy Is a Nostalgic Pleasure

One of the greatest pleasures that just about everyone enjoys is indulging in sweets. Candy may seem like only something for children but you would be hard pressed to find any adult who hasn't consumed some of the sweet stuff at some point in their life. Old time candy is especially delicious because of the process involved. Preparing this type of sweet delight often requires a lot of time and care.

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People of all ages enjoy this candy because it has the taste of the past wrapped up in each bite. Most people have fond memories of their favorite candies. These tastes, flavors and textures are completely knit up with the experiences and thrills of childhood. Almost no childhood memory is complete without recalling a favorite tasty treat. But where has all of the old time candy gone?Is it at all possible that it is still being produced, and if so, is there any way that you can you get your hands on it?

With the technology available today, there are many ways to turn your dream into a reality and get your hands on this candy. A great way to satisfy this need is by finding candy resources online. The Internet can provide you with multiple sources that will help you savor these delectable treats whether you're a first-time buyer or a candy connoisseur. This is also a great way to buy this type of product in bulk so that you can share the candy with friends and loved ones.

Plenty of online outlets do business with the companies that have been making the old time candy that you crave. When you search online for some of these companies you may be able to very easily and quickly purchase a good amount of candy from traditional confectionery artists. This type of candy is a perfect gift for a childhood friend, a sibling, a parent or anyone who would be pleased to relish in the taste of their childhood.

When it comes to buying the candy of decades past, the possibilities are endless. Licorice wheels, candy ribbons, Mary Jane and saltwater taffy, and wrapped butterscotch are just a few. It can be difficult to track down your very favorite pieces. You might come to find that modern candy stores and shops just don't offer the kind of candy that people of the baby boomer generation have come to know and love. Drugstores rarely have anything but the newest treats. If you live in a relatively modern area, old-fashioned candy stores selling the treats of yesteryear can be few and far between. For people in regions without an old-fashioned store, or for people who simply like the opportunity to peruse a varied list of candies, the best thing to do is search online.

Fortunately, many varieties of old time candy still exist and are actually available for purchase to almost any place in the world. All you need to do is search online for a reliable company with years of candy experience and superb customer service. Once you have sampled their wares, you will be able to spread the word to your friends and family to keep the nostalgia alive. Each candy is likely to make you reminiscence about the past and to foster new stories for the future.

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Sandy Winslow is a writer on various topics, including the confectionery arts. Few things are more delicious or pleasing to the palate than old time candy. Article Source:

Friday, July 5, 2019

Amazing Card Tricks to Impress Your Friends

One of the best ways to impress your friends when doing magic tricks is to make it seem as if it is the most natural thing in the world. In this way you can pull a trick on your friends right in front of their eyes and act as if it were nothing out of the ordinary. This can get their attention real fast, at which time you can then show them an amazing card trick or two which you just happen to have up your sleeve (so to speak).

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This will in turn, stun your friends into wanting more as long as you make sure that your card tricks were performed flawlessly, or at least not in such a way that everyone would be able to tell how you worked your amazing card trick.
The key to all of this of course, is practice, practice, practice. Without getting in a lot of practice you can be assured that you will find it difficult to pull off any magic trick successfully, be it a card trick or otherwise.

If you are new to the whole magic thing, but want to be able to quickly and easily impress your friends by doing an amazing card trick in front of them, there are a number of avenues which are open to you. These include books featuring magic card tricks, as well as magic workshops. The best and the easiest method of finding an amazing card trick or two to perform however, has to be the internet.

With the advent of the World Wide Web into our very homes, it is much easier these days to find just about anything that we could wish for, and this applies to finding magic tricks as well.
There are a number of sources available for a person interested to find about great magic tricks as well as an amazing card trick or two. Of course, if you don't want to go to all the trouble of learning and practicing your magic tricks, you also have the opportunity of getting magic tricks from magic shops. These are mostly all set up in such a way that you don't need to expend too much energy on performing them.

These will however, only get you so far in the realm of trying to impress anyone with your magical prowess. Someone is bound to notice that you are using pre-made magic tricks from a magic shop, and then the cat will be out of the bag.

So, to really impress your friends and your family, you need to be able to perform real magic tricks which you would then be able to include in your magic repertoire, and this includes any amazing card trick that you chose to perform as well.

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Check out to learn more on how to do amazing Magic Tricks
by David James
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Tuesday, July 2, 2019

Great American Potato Chips and Corn Chips

One of the most popular snacks in America is the potato chip, what people in the UK would call 'crisps'. This is often a cue for hilarity when a Brit is traveling the States and asks for a plate of chips!
America has mastered the art of producing potato chips with thousands of varieties available and when you throw in corn chips too - the same sort of product only made, rather unsurprisingly, from corn, not potato - the range available is mind boggling.

Potato chips are basically thinly sliced potato that has been deep fried, making them crispy. Generally they are then salted to add flavour, but the evolution of the potato chip has led to a huge number of different flavours, created by adding seasoning, herbs and spices.

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Corn chips, on the other hand, are made from corn meal and either fried or baked and are thicker than potato chips, though often heavily salted in the same way for flavour. Both are eaten on their own or sometimes with dips and salsas, commonly as snack food as part of party buffets or family and friend "get togethers". Corn chips can also be used as an ingredient of sorts. Frito Pie, popular in the South West of America, is made by combining corn chips with chilli, for example.

What is driving the continued success of these snacks is the innovative introduction of newer and more interesting flavours. Primarily either salted or cheese-flavoured, you can now buy potato and corn chips in tastes that range from sour cream and cheese through barbecue and pizza to bacon ranch and even ketchup and fries! More international flavours being introduced include sweet chilli, honey soy chicken, wasabi, paprika, lime and pepper and mozzarella, tomato and basil.

Both potato chips and corn chips are generally purchased in bags providing one serving, with bigger bags available just for those party occasions, and are often all referred to as 'potato chips'. For the purposes of this article, we will do the same. Popular brands of potato chips include Cheetos, available as Cheetos Crunchy, Cheetos Puffs and Cheetos Crunchy Flaming Hot, Lay's Potato Chips ina wide variety of flavours and Fritos Corn Chips. Herr's is another big brand in the potato chip market, offering a wide range of flavours themselves. Newer and increasingly popular brands to enter the market include Pringles, TGI Fridays and even Burger King.

While countries outside the USA have their own brands of potato chips - or crisps as in the UK, where Walkers is probably the best well known brand (and is a regional brand of Lay's, by the way!) - the US versions are becoming more and more popular. Demand for American food in the UK and Europe is on the up and you can now buy Cheetos, Fritos and other American branded potato and corn chips there, alongside popular US candy, sweets, chocolate and soft drinks - and that despite the fact that these brands have launched their own UK and European products! There really is nothing like the real thing.

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Ben Greenwood is writing on behalf of American Soda, importers of American potato chips like Cheetos and Fritos.
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Friday, June 28, 2019

Red Sox vs Yankees

With the Red Sox and Yankees both fighting to win the division for the 2019 season I think we are in for some great baseball this Summer. If both teams make it into the play off's, with one winning the division and the other winning the wild card, we should be set for another division ALCS play off series.

This rivalry has reached new heights over the last 10 years. With the Red Sox winning the world series last year and beating the Yankee's to get there they seem to have a new fire, while the Yankee's seem to be struggling with injuries all season long but still able to build a nice lead.

October is just the best time of the year and baseball playoffs make it that way.
So sit back and enjoy this summer of great baseball and great rivalries, I know thats what I am going to do!

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Sunday, June 23, 2019

Jigsaw Puzzles: An Old Pastime for the Modern Family

The jigsaw has been part of family fun time as well as a challenging hobby for intrepid individuals since the mid-1700's when John Spilsbury took a break from making maps in his shop in London to try his hand at a new adaptation for his map making skills, the jigsaw puzzle. At that time, jigsaw puzzles were painted images on wooden planks that were then cut into odd shaped pieces by a jigsaw; thus the name jigsaw puzzle.

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Fast-forward a couple hundred years and the puzzles are more complex, made from cardboard, and feature images from nature and art, to photographs and computer generated matrixes. However, the fascination with assembling the finished image remains, despite all of the many other pastimes and distractions offered by the modern world. The puzzle is still a mainstay in any toy or hobby shop in America and other countries around the world and interest in jumbling and then re-assembling their many designs shows no signs of abating anytime soon. Why? What is it about the jigsaw puzzle, so simple in concept yet so challenging to master, that continues to garner so much attention from jigsaw puzzle enthusiasts everywhere?

Well, for one thing, putting together a jigsaw puzzle is a subtly therapeutic exercise that draws you in without you even realizing why. In much the same way that children are drawn to puddles and mud holes, where they can spend endless hours playing, a puzzle has a similar allure for people of all ages. It is a soothing though stimulating activity that subtly eggs you on; luring you into the desire to find the next piece that will be the key to putting the rest of the puzzle together once and for all. Each piece gives the puzzle maker a small sense of accomplishment that feeds on itself and builds until the final tile is placed.

Puzzle making is also a terrific family activity and that has been the case through the ages. While many other activities are also popular with families and friends, puzzle making requires little more than a big table and a little patience. And it is something that the entire family can participate in at the same time. While other games and activities are either exclusively for youngsters or adults, everyone can help build a puzzle with the youngest members of the family helping to find the edges, while the more elderly can also work at their own pace and still contribute to the final assembly. Puzzle making is truly a family fun activity.

Puzzle making is also a good way to develop problem solving skills, especially for youngsters. With so many of their other activities focused on mass stimulation to the senses, their ability to reason and work through a complex problem to a final, satisfying solution is not always challenged in the same way that it is with trying to assemble a jigsaw puzzle. In addition, putting together a puzzle can be a great way for very young children to develop their dexterity as they try to fit pieces together to complete the image. Whether a puzzle is four pieces or forty pieces, they all require some degree of manual and mental skill to pull together, skills that can last a lifetime.

Jigsaw puzzles continue to be a popular pastime even in the modern era of puzzles because they also help to stimulate the brain. Just as other activities such as crossword puzzles and Sudoku puzzles are considered to be good food for the brain, so are jigsaw puzzles. This is especially true for older adults that might be concerned about debilitating diseases such as Alzheimer's.

To know more about Jigsaw Puzzles please browse Jigsaw Puzzles

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Article Source: (Article by Alex Hammer)

Thursday, June 20, 2019

Depressed Rabbit Attempts Suicide

A male rabbit named Furball had lost all hope. The female rabbit he had lived with for an entire year had left him for another rabbit. The owner of the garden he usually dined at had just put a fence around it. A fox had nipped one of his ears. And, at his most depressed, it seemed to him that all life is mere ephemera in the eye of time.

The only thing to do was bring an end to his sorrow, hunger, pain, and inability to find meaning even in a moment. He would take his own life. The question became, how?

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The first thing he did is look for a cliff to jump off of, but, alas, he lived on farmland that was pretty flat. He did find one high rock beside the pond the cows waded into each day. Up he scampered.

The challenge was to jump and hit the ground, not the pond. He resolved to end his troubled existence and off he leaped. But when he hit the ground, unfortunately, he landed on his feet. He just stood there, regretting the rock wasn’t higher.

Next, he decided to back up and run at the rock as fast as he could, head first. He hopped back far enough to give himself a good running distance and then headed for the hard immensity. He banged into at full speed and knew nothing else, because the force knocked him out.

As luck would have it, after a while, he woke up, with a thundering headache. He rubbed his aching head with his paw and decided to drown himself. He leapt toward the pond and did a belly smacker. He waited to drown. The terrible thing is, he couldn’t stop swimming. Much as he tried, there was a reflex in him that he couldn’t control. So, filled with regret, along with water that had splashed into his mouth, he paddled out and sat down by the bank to dry off.

He thought about human beings and how many ways they had to commit suicide. Why didn’t rabbits have even one? In fact, why didn’t he ever hear of a rabbit, or any other animal, committing suicide?
No, it seemed that only humans knew how to do that. What was wrong with other animals? he wondered. He signed, realizing there were just no examples in the rabbit world or the entire animal kingdom he could follow.
He felt more miserable than ever and his vision blurred, because tears welled up in his eyes. He tried to wipe them away but his paw was still wet, so the clumpy fur only irritated them and made him blink. Oh, how hopeless his life was! He could see no reason to go on. Nothing good, he was certain, would ever happen to him.

But just then something good did happen. An exceptionally cute female rabbit hopped around the corner of the rock. He saw her and just the site of her made his sullen spirits leap up.

She hopped over to him, and said, “You look very sad. What’s wrong?”
“I want to kill myself but I don’t know how,” he confessed.
“Now, why would a handsome rabbit like you want to kill himself?” she asked.
“Because nothing is going right. My girl friend left me. My favorite garden has been fenced off. A fox bit my ear. And I feel insignificant.”
He leaned forward to show her the bite mark.
“My, oh, my,” she said. “Let me lick it.”
“You’d do that for me?” he asked.
“Yes,” she said. “If a fox bit my ear, I’d want somebody to lick it for me.”
“OK,” he said, “but take it easy. It hurts a lot.”
So the female rabbit licked his ear. He felt good.
“What’s your name?” she asked.
“I like that,” she said. “Very cute.”
“What’s yours?” he asked.
“Sweet Thing.”
“Me?” he wanted to know.
“Yes, you’re very sweet,” she told him. “But that’s also my name.”
“Oh,” he said, and tested it with is own lips. “Sweet Thing. I like that.
“Good,” she said. “And I like the way you taste.”
“You do?” he asked.
“Great,” he exclaimed, and continued to enjoy her soothing licks. He couldn’t believe it, but what felt like a new life was swirling all through is body.
“How’s that?” she asked, finishing her TLC of his ear.
“Much better,” he told her.
“You know,” she said, sitting down beside him, “I live by a great garden. There’s no fence, and you’re welcome to come there and eat.”
“I am?” he asked.
“Don’t you have a male rabbit who loves you?”
“No,” she said, “he left me for another rabbit.”
“I’m sorry,” Furball said.
“Don’t worry,” I’ll get over it,” Sweet Thing sort of sighed. “But I wish I could meet another male rabbit, one I really like.”
By now our suicidal rabbit was thinking, Hey, who would have believed it just a few minutes ago? My life just might work out! And, even if life is just ephemera in the eye of time, I might be able to fit in enough happiness to be glad I'm alive.
“How about me?” he asked.
“Well, I like you a lot, but I’m not sure I could be happy with a rabbit who is so depressed he would take his own life.”
“Oh, I’m all over that now,” he told her. “And, if you were my girl friend, I’d be all over it forever.” “You would?”
“Yes,” he said, and snuggled up to her. "I'd have so much to live for!"
“Wow,” she said, “and so would I. Would you like to come to my garden and eat something?”
“Love it,” he told her.
“Great. Then off we go!” she replied.
And so off they hopped, to live happily ever after.

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About the Author: Tom Attea, humorist and creator of, has had six shows produced Off-Broadway. Critics have called his writing "delightfully funny," "witty," with "great humor and ebullience" and "good, genuine laughs. Source:

Tuesday, June 18, 2019

An Introduction to Optical Illusions

Optical illusions are considered as malfunction of the visual system. This phenomenon is also viewed as bringing out particular good adaptations of visual system to particularly standard viewing situations. These adaptations are considered to be hard-wired in brain's system. Consequently, inappropriate interpretations of visuals scene are causes. Teuber (1960) defined it as illusions of the senses tell us the truth about perception. Further, an optical illusion which is also called a visual illusion is characterized by visually perceived images. These images differ from objective reality. In optical illusions, the information gathered by the eye is processed in the brain to give a percept. This perception does not tally with a physical measurement of the stimulus source.

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Types of Optical Illusions
There are basically three types of optical illusions literal, physiological and cognitive.

1. Literal Illusions
Literal optical illusions that create images that are different from the objects that make them. 

2. Physiological Illusions
Physiological ones are the effects on the eyes and brain of excessive stimulation of a specific type (brightness, tilt, color, movement). Such as the afterimages following bright lights, or adapting stimuli of excessively longer alternating patterns, theses illusions are contingent perceptual aftereffect which are presumed to be the effects on the eyes or brain of excessive stimulation of a specific type - brightness, tilt, color, movement, etc. The theory behind these illusions is that stimuli have individual dedicated neural paths in the early stages of visual processing, and that repetitive stimulation of only one or a few channels causes a physiological imbalance that alters perception.

3. Cognitive
Cognitive illusions are those where the eye and brain make unconscious inferences. Cognitive illusions are assumed to arise by interaction with assumptions about the world, leading to "unconscious inferences", an idea first suggested in the 19th century by Hermann Helmholtz. Cognitive illusions are commonly divided into ambiguous illusions, distorting illusions, paradox illusions, or fiction illusions.

- Ambiguous illusions are pictures or objects that are suppose to elicit a perceptual switch between the alternative interpretations. The Necker cube is a well known example; another instance is the Rubin vase.

- Distorting illusions are characterized by distortions of size, length, or curvature. A striking example is the Cafe wall illusion. Another example is the famous Muller-Lyer illusion.

- Paradox illusions are generated by objects that are paradoxical or impossible, such as the Penrose triangle or impossible staircases seen, for example, in M. C. Escher's Ascending and Descending and Waterfall. The triangle is an illusion dependent on a cognitive misunderstanding that adjacent edges must join.

- Fictional illusions are defined as the perception of objects that are genuinely not there to all but a single observer, such as those induced by schizophrenia or a hallucinogen. These are more properly called hallucinations.

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by Tauqeer Hassan
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Saturday, June 15, 2019

Solve Sudoku

People work out at the gym, train at the track and jog every morning to keep their bodies in tip-top condition. But, what about their brains? Even though it’s not a muscle, the brain can get sloppy if it doesn’t get a regular workout. When brains aren’t challenged and entertained, they get bored and lazy.

One way to keep your brain happy and alert is by taking up a hobby or, better yet, solving puzzles.
A puzzle is a problem-solving game that’s meant to challenge your different mind strategies. Some puzzles are easy, some are quite difficult, however none sharpen your brain quite as well as logic and math puzzles.

If It's Sudoku You Love Check This Out!
One example of a fun brain-busting puzzle is "Number Place", more commonly known as Sudoku.
The purpose of is to complete a nine by nine (9 x 9) grid from three by three (3 x 3) regions, by entering the numbers 1 to 9 in each cell of the grid. The tricky part is that no single digit can be repeated in the 9 x 9 grid.

At first glance, the Sudoku seems like a fun and easy way to entertain your brain. However, the game begins to twist the mind into deep thought, finding strategies and devising formulations to solve Sudoku.

There are three suggested ways to solve Sudoku: scanning, marking up and analysis.
Scanning is a method used to solve Sudoku wherein the process of elimination reigns. The player may choose either counting or cross-hatching when using this method. Cross-hatching requires a systematic course of action in which the player scans rows and columns in a particular region to determine where numbers can or cannot be repeated. Counting, on the other hand, requires the player to count numerals 1 to 9 in rows, columns, and regions to find the missing numeral.

The marking up method is used to solve Sudoku when all possibilities have been exhausted in the scanning stage. To mark, you’ll use notations such as dots or subscript. Whenever possible, use notations you’re comfortable with, such as lines, shapes or codes. It is also advised to assign which notations are used for candidate numerals that will likely repeat, and which notations are likely to be in the particular grid. One drawback of using notations is when the Sudoku grids are quite small, as on magazine or newspaper pages.

Analysis is another suggested way to solve Sudoku puzzles. There are two main tactics to using analysis: the "candidate elimination" method, and the "what if" method. Candidate elimination is just that: you do away with candidate numerals from the grids, until just one option is left. Scanning can effectively be combined with the candidate elimination. Another way to solve Sudoku with the analysis method is by asking "What If?" In this approach, the player will guess which is the correct choice of two numbers.

These are the basic steps to solve a manual Sudoku puzzle, but solving a two-player computerized game can be a little different. With a computer game, you are able to set the level of difficulty for each game, and the games can get very difficult. Try to solve the puzzle using the methods outlined above. The computer may give you extra hints or strategies. Plan or search for a good computation that will help you solve the puzzle more rapidly.

In working to solve Sudoku, you can use a combination of methods, or can even formulate new solutions that will work best for you. Learn the basics of the game and take each puzzle one step at a time. If certain lines of attack are boggling your mind, let them go. Pick up pieces of information where you think you have succeeded, and learn from those times where you fail. As with any game, you need to learn to take risks.

Face it; your brain could use a good workout. Chances are, just thinking about a Sudoku puzzle has already cleared some of the cobwebs away. Now, pick up a puzzle magazine or newspaper, grab a pencil and solve Sudoku for a full-brain workout.
Robert Jones contributes to several web sites, on recreation and hobbies and family recreation themes. Article Source:

Tuesday, June 11, 2019

A Quick History of Comics

Anyone looking at the number of much-hyped superhero films at the box office could stake the claim comics have never been bigger, but a quick view of comic book history, however, reveals while comics have never soared to higher heights in the movie gross, this fantastic foundation has never been more unstable.
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Comic books were an easy fit for 1930’s America. They were cheap, easy to produce, and even easier to sell. With large booms in pulp, radio shows and comic strips, comic books were the next logical step. It was the arrival of Superman in 1938 and Batman roughly a year later that heralded not only the rise of superheroes, but the Golden Age of Comics.
The entry of the United States into World War II didn’t halt comic book reading – if anything it accelerated it, with heroes were throwing down with the likes the Nazis and dictators even before the bombs fell upon Pearl Harbor. Once the war began, comics weren’t just morale boosters – they were part of the war effort like any other industry. Patriotic heroes like Captain America urged the purchase of war bonds, and entire runs of comics were bough from the stands and scrapped for recycling to help overseas troops. Though such sacrifices played their part in the “Greatest Generation”, they would have far-reaching ramifications on the comic industry in later generations – nearly forty years later.

The 1950’s dramatically altered the superhero landscape. Noted psychiatrist Frederic Wertham published “Seduction of the Innocent”, a book which pinned much of society’s ills on comics. He alleged Batman and Robin were homosexuals, and Wonder Woman was not only a lesbian, but also a threat to the woman’s place in the American household. Wertham’s scathing criticism caused comic book sales to plummet. Grisly horror and crime comics like Tales from the Crypt and Vault of Horror were left crippled. The entire incident culminated in a Comics Code Authority that oversaw comic book content, and as a result, comic books for the next decade were largely sanitized.
 But comics retained their youthful streak in the 1960’s. During this time of increased counter-culture, Marvel Comics rose to go head-to-head DC’s traditional line-up, emphasizing heroes like Spider-Man and the X-Men, who appealed to young teenage readers as opposed to ideal citizens like Bruce Wayne and Clark Kent. Many experts believed the Silver Age kicked off with the publication of Fantastic Four in 1961 by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.
Spider-Man creator Stan Lee did run inadvertently into a stand-off with the Code in 1971, when the Department of Health, Education and Welfare wanted the webslinger to tackle drug use. The Code objected to even an anti-drug issue, but Lee, backed by Marvel publisher Martin Goodman, ran the issue without the Comic Code, whose authority was more or less broken, and continued to diminish in the decades to follow
DC wouldn’t stay out of this naturalistic approach to superheroes for long. Though Marvel made its everymen a virtual trademark for years to come, DC would also release “Hard-Travelling Heroes”, a socially conscious run on Green Arrow/Green Lantern which found the two fighting racism, corruption and even the drug addiction of Green Arrow’s sidekick, Roy Harper during the early seventies. Leaving Marvel, “Fantastic Four” creator Jack Kirby would also create the compelling space fantasy The Fourth World” for DC, whose titles laid a similar foundation to “Star Wars”. In addition, DC would also pitch many of their once-campy sidekicks into serious superheroes with “Teen Titans”, which competed directly with Marvel’s juggernaut X-Men in the 1980’s.
Just as there is some disagreement about when the Silver Age began, there is also contention over when it ended. Some argue for a Bronze Age of Comics for the 1970’s and 80’s, while others recognize the Silver Age as still in effect during this period. One thing is for sure though – the start date for the Modern Age, whether proceeded by Bronze or Silver, was thoroughly cemented as 1986 – a year that would revolutionize comic books forever.
Demon Tweak is a rock n' roll anthem mixing everything from Easy Rider to Tall Tales about Hard Driving Heroes. Visit
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Monday, June 10, 2019

A Sudoku Strategy Or Just A Puzzle

I never realized that I had a Sudoku Strategy until I looked around the Internet. It is surprising to think how such a simple game has built up such a huge following and is taken so seriously. Just a 9 square grid, where you place the numbers 1-9 without repeating them horizontally, vertically or in any of the 9 squares. It sounds easy but the puzzles come with varying difficulties.
Apparently I use more than one Sudoku Strategy. I start out by looking for the 3 x 3 grids or lines with the most numbers already entered and then find the missing numbers by a process of elimination across the grids or lines. That is called 'scanning' and works well for the easier Sudoku puzzles. When I reach a dead end with the more difficult games I use a strategy called 'marking up'. If I have a choice of more than one number I pencil in the numbers in a corner and delete them as used. That works well for the easier and medium difficulty Sudoku puzzles. The hard ones I do not attempt unless I am feeling particularly masochistic.
Howard Gamms from the US who sold the rights to Dell Publishing in 1979 developed the modern Sudoku puzzle. Howard Gamms called the puzzle 'Number Game' and the 'Sudoku' title came about because it became popular in Japan before it rose in popularity worldwide. If you go back further into history you find that 'Magical Squares' were around in the eighth century and figured to be a strong medical talisman. As with modern day Sudoku diagonals, rows and columns all have to add up to the same amount and no single number can be repeated.
If you do puzzles on or offline it is said to help with anti-aging. The theory is that games and puzzles exercise your brain and help to slow down the normal aging process of loss of memory and other age associated declines. The theory is not scientifically backed but I can see the reasoning behind it. I know that I have always felt sharper after doing any type of puzzle and as I am now into middle age I would like to think that I can do something to help myself to stay sharp and it has got to be a good thing if you enjoy doing it.
There is even lots of money to be made from Sudoku. Our newsagents now carry several different publications for Sudoku puzzlers, and unlike most magazines and newspapers they are not funded to any great extent by paid advertising. There are Sudoku products including electronic games and you can win money in contests on and offline.

Recently the first ever US National Sudoku championship was held in Philadelphia. The winner of the most difficult level Dr. Thomas Snyder from California won $10,000 and will represent the US in the 3rd annual world championship in India next year. $10,000 seems an awful lot to win for such a simple game but I doubt I would have a chance. Dr. Snyder completed the advanced number puzzle in just 7 minutes 9 seconds. I think that I would have to practice an awful lot to get anywhere near that speed for an easy puzzle never mind an advanced one.
You can now get Sudoku games for your iphone, Palm Smartphones and handheld PDAs. Online games are plentiful, ranging from basic puzzles of ranging difficulty to flash games. I have come across different variations such as Top Hat Sudoku, Magic, Sumdoku, Addoku, Kakuro, Samurai, Wordoku and Killer. The last one was self explanatory and I doubt I would be up to it.
My Sudoku Strategy techniques would be severely tested if I attempted all of the possible 5,472,730,538 uniquely different Sudoku puzzle grids mathematicians Frazer Jarvis and Ed Russell have counted. It does not seem much but if you just do one puzzle a day it would take you just over 14,993,782 years to complete all of them. Not possible of course, but I wonder if the huge amount of variations has something to do with the growing popularity of Sudoku.
For a free online Sudoku puzzle visit
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Saturday, June 8, 2019

Exercise Your Brain: Quick Brain Teasers to Test Your Memory and Thinking Skills

Here's a quick quiz to test your memory and thinking skills, which should work out important parts of your brain. See how you do! (Answers are below).

1. - Name the one sport in which neither the spectators nor the participants know the score or the leader until the contest ends.
2. - What famous North American landmark is constantly moving backward?
3. - Of all vegetables, only two can live to produce on their own for several growing seasons. All other vegetables must be replanted every year. What are the only two perennial vegetables?
4. - What fruit has its seeds on the outside?
5. - In many liquor stores, you can buy pear brandy, with a real pear inside the bottle. The pear is whole and ripe, and the bottle is genuine; it hasn't been cut in any way. How did the pear get inside the bottle?
6. - Only three words in Standard English begin with the letters "dw" and they are all common words. Name two of them.
7. - There are 14 punctuation marks in English grammar. Can you name at least half of them?
8. - Name the one vegetable or fruit that is never sold frozen, canned, processed, cooked, or in any other form except fresh.
9. - Name 6 or more things that you can wear on your feet beginning with the letter "S."

Answers To Quiz:

1. The one sport in which neither the spectators, nor the participants, know the score or the leader until the contest ends: boxing
2. The North American landmark constantly moving backward: Niagara Falls (the rim is worn down about two and a half feet each year because of the millions of gallons of water that rush over it every minute.)
3. Only two vegetables that can live to produce on their own for several growing seasons: asparagus and rhubarb.
4. The fruit with its seeds on the outside: strawberry.
5. How did the pear get inside the brandy bottle? It grew inside the bottle. (The bottles are placed over pear buds when they are small and are wired in place on the tree. The bottle is left in place for the entire growing season. When the pears are ripe, they are snipped off at the stems.)
6. Three English words beginning with "dw": dwarf, dwell, and dwindle.
7. Fourteen punctuation marks in English grammar: period, comma, colon, semicolon, dash, hyphen, apostrophe, question mark, exclamation point, quotation marks, brackets, parenthesis, braces, and ellipses.
8. The only vegetable or fruit never sold frozen, canned, processed, cooked, or in any other form but fresh: lettuce.
9. Six or more things you can wear on your feet beginning with "s": shoes, socks, sandals, sneakers, slippers, skis, skates, snowshoes, stockings, stilts.

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Alvaro Fernandez is the CEO and Co-Founder of, which covers the brain games and brain health fields. SharpBrains has been recognized by Scientific American Mind, Newsweek, Forbes. Alvaro holds MA in Education and MBA from Stanford University, and teaches The Science of Brain Health at UC-Berkeley Lifelong Learning Institute. You can learn more at
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